×
norman.vortex.films.archive
norman.vortex.films.archive
norman.vortex.films.archive
1911-a-trip-through-new-york-city-speed-corrected- Show More

w-added-sound Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
automated-bakery-production-line Show More

Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
battle-of-leyte-gulf-the-naval-battle-of-the-phili Show More

ppines-oct-1944-us-navy-wwii-combat-bulletin Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Arabiantics Felix the Cat Free Show More

litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Felix the Cat Goes to China - False Vases (1929) Show More

Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Felix The Cat - Switches Witches (1920-1929) Show More

Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Felix The Cat - Japanicky (1920-1929) Show More

Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Operation Upshot Knothole (1953) - YouTube Show More

Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
German Spies Executed - 1945 - NO SOUND Show More

Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Mail Carriers: "Mailman" 1946 Encyclopaedia Britan Show More

nica Films; How US Mail Was Sorted & Delivered A mail carrier, mailman, postal carrier, postman, postwoman (US), postman/postwoman (UK), letter carrier (in American English) or postie (in Australia, New Zealand) is an employee of the post office or postal service, who delivers mail and parcel post to residences and businesses. The term "mail carrier" came to be used as a gender-neutral substitute for "mailman" soon after women began performing the job. In the Royal Mail, the official name changed from "letter carrier" to "postman" in 1883, and "postwoman" has also been used for many years... United States In the United States, the official label for a mail carrier is "letter carrier". There are three types of letter carriers: city letter carriers, who are represented by the National Association of Letter Carriers; Rural Letter Carrier, who are represented by the National Rural Letter Carriers' Association; and Highway Contract Route carriers, who are independent contractors. While union membership is voluntary, city carriers are organized near 100% nationally. City carriers are paid hourly with the potential for overtime. City Carriers are also subject to "pivoting" on a daily basis. Pivoting (when a Carrier's assigned route will take less than 8 hours to complete, management may "pivot" said Carrier to work on another route to fill that Carrier up to 8 hours.) is a tool postal management uses to redistribute and eliminate overtime costs, based on consultation with the Carrier about his/her estimated workload for the day and mail volume projections from the DOIS (Delivery Operations Information System) computer program. City Carrier routes are adjusted and/ or eliminated based on information (length, time, and overall workload) also controlled by this program, consultations with the Carrier assigned to the route, and a current PS Form 3999 (street observation by a Postal supervisor to determine accurate times spent on actual delivery of mail)... Rural carriers are under a form of salary called "evaluated hours", usually with overtime built in to their pay. The evaluated hours are created by having all mail counted for a period of two or four weeks, and a formula used to create the set dollar amount they will be paid for each day worked until the next time the route is counted... City letter carriers typically work urban routes that are high density and low mileage. These routes are classified as either "mounted" routes (for those that require a vehicle) or "walking" routes (for those that are done on foot). When working a mounted route, city letter carriers usually drive distinctive white vans with the logo of the United States Postal Service on the side and deliver to curbside and building affixed mailboxes. Carriers who walk generally also drive postal vehicles to their routes, park at a specified location, and carry one "loop" of mail, up one side of the street and back down the other side, until they are back to their vehicle. This method of delivery is referred to as "park and loop"... Rural letter carriers typically work routes that have a lower density and higher mileage than those of city letter carriers. They all work mounted routes, leaving their vehicles only to deliver to group mailboxes or to deliver an article that must be taken to a customer's door... Rural letter carriers often use their own vehicles and are not required to wear a uniform... Highway Contract Route carriers work routes that were established with a density of less than one customer per mile driven (some later grow denser, and can then be converted to rural delivery). They are only mounted routes, and all HCR carriers use their own vehicle. These routes are typically found in outlying areas, or around very small communities... Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
The Mail: A Story of the United States Postal Serv Show More

ice 1938 Miller Productions Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
"This 1970 film demonstrates the U.S. Postal Servi Show More

ce's Optical Character Recognition (OCR) machines, which allow mail to be sorted automatically." Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical... Optical character recognition (optical character reader) (OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text. It is widely used as a form of data entry from printed paper data records, whether passport documents, invoices, bank statements, computerised receipts, business cards, mail, printouts of static-data, or any suitable documentation. It is a common method of digitising printed texts so that it can be electronically edited, searched, stored more compactly, displayed on-line, and used in machine processes such as machine translation, text-to-speech, key data and text mining. OCR is a field of research in pattern recognition, artificial intelligence and computer vision. Early versions needed to be trained with images of each character, and worked on one font at a time. Advanced systems capable of producing a high degree of recognition accuracy for most fonts are now common. Some systems are capable of reproducing formatted output that closely approximates the original page including images, columns, and other non-textual components... History Early optical character recognition may be traced to technologies involving telegraphy and creating reading devices for the blind. In 1914, Emanuel Goldberg developed a machine that read characters and converted them into standard telegraph code.[citation needed] Concurrently, Edmund Fournier d'Albe developed the Optophone, a handheld scanner that when moved across a printed page, produced tones that corresponded to specific letters or characters. In the late 1920s and into the 1930s Emanuel Goldberg developed what he called a "Statistical Machine" for searching microfilm archives using an optical code recognition system. In 1931 he was granted USA Patent number 1,838,389 for the invention. The patent was acquired by IBM. Blind and visually impaired users In 1974, Ray Kurzweil started the company Kurzweil Computer Products, Inc. and continued development of omni-font OCR, which could recognize text printed in virtually any font (Kurzweil is often credited with inventing omni-font OCR, but it was in use by companies, including CompuScan, in the late 1960s and 1970s). Kurzweil decided that the best application of this technology would be to create a reading machine for the blind, which would allow blind people to have a computer read text to them out loud. This device required the invention of two enabling technologies – the CCD flatbed scanner and the text-to-speech synthesiser. On January 13, 1976, the successful finished product was unveiled during a widely reported news conference headed by Kurzweil and the leaders of the National Federation of the Blind.[citation needed] In 1978, Kurzweil Computer Products began selling a commercial version of the optical character recognition computer program. LexisNexis was one of the first customers, and bought the program to upload legal paper and news documents onto its nascent online databases. Two years later, Kurzweil sold his company to Xerox, which had an interest in further commercialising paper-to-computer text conversion. Xerox eventually spun it off as Scansoft, which merged with Nuance Communications.[citation needed] The research group headed by A. G. Ramakrishnan at the Medical intelligence and language engineering lab, Indian Institute of Science, has developed PrintToBraille tool, an open source GUI frontend[4] that can be used by any OCR to convert scanned images of printed books to Braille books. In the 2000s, OCR was made available online as a service (WebOCR), in a cloud computing environment, and in mobile applications like real-time translation of foreign-language signs on a smartphone... Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Self Service Postal Unit 1967 USPS United States P Show More

ostal Service "This 1967 film introduces the Self Service Postal Unit, an automated post office intended to be installed in shopping center and mall parking lots. Versions intended for installation in pedestrian areas and post office lobbies are also demonstrated." Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). The United States Postal Service, also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service, often abbreviated as USPS, is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States. It is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution. The U.S. Mail traces its roots to 1775 during the Second Continental Congress, where Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first postmaster general. The Post Office Department was created in 1792 from Franklin's operation, elevated to a cabinet-level department in 1872, and transformed in 1971 into the U.S. Postal Service as an independent agency under the Postal Reorganization Act. The USPS employed 617,254 workers (as of February 2015) and operated 211,264 vehicles in 2014. The USPS is the operator of the largest civilian vehicle fleet in the world. The USPS is legally obligated to serve all Americans, regardless of geography, at uniform price and quality. The USPS has exclusive access to letter boxes marked "U.S. Mail" and personal letterboxes in the United States, but still competes against private package delivery services, such as UPS and has part use with FedEx Express. The USPS has not directly received taxpayer-dollars since the early 1980s with the exception of subsidies for costs associated with the disabled and overseas voters. Since the 2006 all-time peak mail volume, after which Congress passed the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act, (which mandated $5.5 billion per year to be paid into an account to fully prefund employee retirement health benefits, a requirement exceeding that of other government and private organizations), revenue dropped sharply due to recession-influenced declining mail volume, prompting the postal service to look to other sources of revenue while cutting costs to reduce its budget deficit. The USPS lost US$5.5 billion in fiscal 2014, and its revenue was US$67.8 billion... Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Army Postal Service ~ 1954 US Army; The Big Pictur Show More

e TV-309; Military Mail Delivery 'The Army Postal Service is another of the Army's "Army-within-an-Army" groups. At the initial release of this program, the story becomes all the more timely as told through the eyes of a soldier who waits for his "package from home."' The Big Picture episode TV-309 Public domain film from the National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militar... Military mail, as opposed to civilian mail, refers to the postal services provided by armed forces, that allow serving members to send and receive mail. Military mail systems are often subsidized to ensure that military mail does not cost the sender any more than normal domestic mail traffic. In some cases, military personnel in a combat zone may post letters and/or packages to the home country for free. Modern military mail services are provided by most armed forces around the world. In some nations, individual service branches may run their own military mail program... U.S. Military Postal Service (MPS) The MPS is required to adhere to United States Postal Service (USPS) rules, federal laws, and various international laws and agreements for movement of military mail into more than 85 countries. The individual military services (Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Coast Guard, Air Force) are each, themselves, responsible for the costs, manpower, and facilities of mail that travels through their own department. This is why the military services maintains command and control over all military postal assets, both in the United States and abroad. http://about.usps.com/who-we-are/pos... Military Postal Service Agency An extension of the U.S. Postal Service, the Military Postal Service Agency (MPSA) provides Department of Defense personnel, their family members and other authorized users with mail services around the world. - The Military Postal Service Agency (MSPA) is the managing authority over Military Postal Service (MPS) operations. - MPS customers receive virtually the same level of service as if they were at home in the United States. Differences are based on the country in which they are stationed and the type of military operation in which they are involved. - Until 1980, each military service and government agency managed its own mail program. In 1980, the MPSA was formed and the Department of Defense designated the Secretary of the Army as the single military mail manager. - Created to link all the partners together with a common goal, the MPS provides postal services to military personnel around the world. - Military mail moves within the United States via the Postal Service transportation network to major postal mail processing facilities. - If the mail is First-Class, Priority Mail or Priority Mail Express, it will move from the major airport gateway in the U.S. to an overseas airport gateway on commercial U.S.-owned aircraft to overseas locations. From the overseas airport gateways, mail is then moved by various methods to the designated Post Offices for delivery to the individual. - The Military Postal Service Agency provides service to 103 countries. - There are 205 land-based Post Offices and 143 on ships. - There are 14,103 ZIP Codes for military mail around the world, with more than 1.2 million delivery points. Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Fluidics, Etc.: "Improving Mail Processing Through Show More

R&D" 1970 United States Post Office Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide

norman.vortex.films.archive
Automatic Mail Culling and Stamp Cancelling 1968 U Show More

nited States Post Office "This film from 1968 demonstrates how a newly developed mail preparation system improves efficiency in mail culling and stamp cancelling operations." Produced by Creative Arts Studios, Washington, DC, for the United States Post Office Bureau of Research and Engineering. Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cancell...) A cancellation (or cancel for short; French: "oblitération") is a postal marking applied on a postage stamp or postal stationery to deface the stamp and prevent its re-use. Cancellations come in a huge variety of designs, shapes, sizes and colors. Modern United States cancellations commonly include the date and post office location where the stamps were mailed, in addition to lines or bars designed to cover the stamp itself. The term "postal marking" sometimes is used to refer specifically to the part that contains the date and posting location, although the term often is used interchangeably with "cancellation." The portion of a cancellation that is designed to deface the stamp and does not contain writing is also called the "obliteration" or killer. Some stamps are issued pre-cancelled with a printed or stamped cancellation and do not need to have a cancellation added. Cancellations can affect the value of stamps to collectors, positively or negatively. The cancellations of some countries have been extensively studied by philatelists and many stamp collectors and postal history collectors collect cancellations in addition to the stamps themselves... History The first adhesive postage stamp was the Penny Black, issued in 1840 by Great Britain. The postal authorities recognized there must be a method for preventing reuse of the stamps and simultaneously issued handstamps for use to apply cancellations to the stamps on the envelopes as they passed through the postal system. The cancels were handmade and depicted a Maltese cross design. Initially, the ink used was red, but it was found that this could be cleaned off and the stamps reused, and so after a series of experiments, early in 1841 black cancelling ink was used, which was more permanent. The color of the stamps was also changed to red-brown so as to ensure that the cancellation showed clearly. Britain soon abandoned the Maltese crosses and in 1844 began to employ cancellations displaying numbers which referred to the location of mailing. A similar scheme was used for British stamps used abroad in its colonies and foreign postal services, with locations being assigned a specific letter followed by a number, such as A01 used in Kingston, Jamaica, or D22 for Venezuela. Early cancellations were all applied by hand, commonly using hand stamps. Where hand stamps were not available, stamps often were cancelled by marking over the stamp with pen, such as writing an "x". Pen cancellations were used in the United States into the 1880s, and in a sense continue to this day, when a postal clerk notices a stamp has escaped cancellation and marks it with a ball point pen or marker. In the early period of the issuance of postage stamps in the United States a number of patents were issued for cancelling devices or machines that increased (or were purported to increase) the difficulty of washing off and reusing postage stamps. These methods generally involved the scraping or cutting-away of part of the stamp, or perhaps punching a hole through its middle. (These forms of cancellation must be distinguished from perfins, a series of small holes punched in stamps, typically by private companies as an anti-theft device.) High speed cancellation machines were first used in Boston between 1880–1890 and subsequently throughout the country... Free litecoin and bitcoin game Earn interest Earn interest on litecoin and bitcoin everyday interest 6% free litecoin http://free-litecoin.com/login?referer=174160 free bitcoin http://freebitco.in/?r=4348564 free dogecoin http://freedoge.co.in/?r=1395031 Hide